1. Introduction

JModelica.org supports optimization of dynamic and steady state models. Many engineering problems can be cast as optimization problems, including optimal control, minimum time problems, optimal design, and model calibration. These different types of problems will be illustrated and it will be shown how they can be formulated and solved. The chapter starts with an introductory example in Section 2, “A first example” and in Section 3, “Solving optimization problems”, the details of how the optimization algorithms are invoked are explained. The following sections contain tutorial exercises that illustrates how to set up and solve different kinds of optimization problems.

When formulating optimization problems, models are expressed in the Modelica language, whereas optimization specifications are given in the Optimica extension which is described in Chapter 8, Optimica. The tutorial exercises in this chapter assumes that the reader is familiar with the basics of Modelica and Optimica.